Paper ID: 9
The importance of politics on precautionary principle’s implementation in environmental sector: recent cases and examples
S G Prakoso1,2, W Lie3 and M P I Cahyani3
1Doctoral Program Student in Institute of Political Science, National Sun Yat-sen University, No. 70 號, Lianhai Road, Gushan District, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan
2Lecturer at Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jln. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta, Indonesia
3Alumni of the Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jln. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta, Indonesia
The United Nations’ arrangement to establish Rio Declaration on Environment and Development in 1992 can be perceived as an effort to enforce sustainability effort in the environmental sector. The declaration’s main principles are about the interdependent and indivisible relations between peace, development, and environmental protection. Rio Declaration also mentions the term precautionary principle that could be implemented by the industrial actor in the countries but not limited to them. Country whose put ratification on it, directly binding to hold the mandate as one of the main actors in control of environmental protection. This research attempted to examine some countries’ government’s recent actions toward the formulation and implementation of environmental policy regarding the precautionary principle as the embodiment of the Rio Declaration 1992. This study will use descriptive qualitative methodology with data sample from the population consisted of some countries that ratified the Rio Declaration 1992. The findings will explain the direct and indirect correlations within the government and industrial factors about the precautionary principle in the action. In addition, the result of this study indicates how politics plays a powerful role in the implementation of the precautionary principle.