Paper ID: 88
The Influence of IBA Application on Seedling Growth of 3 Types of Awar-awar (Ficus septica) Cuttings
Y Widiyastuti1, D Subositi1 and N Fakhrudin2
1Medicinal Plant and Traditional Medicine Research and Development Centre, National Institute of Health Research and Development, MoH Jl. Raya Lawu 11, Tawangmangu, Karanganyar Jawa Tengah
2Pharmacy Fakulty, Gajah Mada University Sekip Utara Jogjakarta
Awar-awar (Ficus septica) is a medicinal plant in the Moraceae family that has a potential to be developed as an anticancer agent. This plant naturally grows scattered in all areas of Indonesia from the lowlands to an altitude of 1,500 m above sea level. Awar-awar cultivation requires technology to provide quality seeds in a fast time, because propagation due to long duration in seed formation. Research on the use of IBA at various ages of awar-awar cuttings was carried out to obtain quality awar-awar seedlings. IBA was given with concentrations of 0 (control), 100, 200 and 400 ppm on awar-awar cuttings derived from the shoots, the middle of the stems and the basal, each measuring 20 cm. A completely randomized design (RAL) is used and data were analyzed by F test (ANOVA) with a confidence level of 95%. Any significant differences among treatment followed with Duncan test at = 5%. The results showed that the growth of various awar-awar cuttings was only 65% on average, with the highest growth percentage from shoot cuttings. The highest number of shoots, longest shoots, and the largest root weight were obtained from the 200 ppm IBA treatment. This study concluded that the stem cuttings method with 200 ppm IBA was able to produce better awar-awar seedling growth than control.