Paper ID: 60
Yield Trials of Black Rice Cempo Ireng M7 Generation of Gamma-Ray Irradiation
B Pujiasmanto2,4, M U Ningrum1*, M Rahayu2, Nandariyah2,4, Sutarno3, Riyatun3 and Suharyana
1Departement of Agronomy Post-Graduate Study, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
2Departement of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret , Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
3Lecturer of Department Faculty of Mathematics and Natural science of Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
4Research and Development Center for Biotechnology and Biodiversity, Research and Community Service Institute, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia
Black rice is one of the functional foods because of its high anthocyanin content. The weaknesses of black rice cultivation are long plant age (±150 days), high habitus, and low productivity (±5 t/ha). One way to overcome this problem is to mutate plants using gamma-ray irradiation. The research aims to produce superior mutant plants with abundant yields. The research was carried out from December 2019 to August 2020 by arranging three lines in plots. The data were analyzed descriptively and compared with the control using the T-test. The results showed that the mutant plant was superior to black rice without irradiation (control). Line 8 and line 51 are the lines that have the shortest harvest age and are relatively early. The expected line that has the highest productivity value (per hectare) is line 51, which is 8.45 tons/ha. Line 44 has the highest average anthocyanin content of 75.10 ppm.