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Paper ID: 31

Coping Strategy Relationship with Income by Households of Farmers Cultivating Dry Land (A Case Study in Food-Insecure Regency of East Sumba in East Nusa Tenggara)

E W Riptanti1*, Masyhuri3, Irham3, A Suryantini3, H Irianto1 and E Widiyanti2,4

1Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

2Study and Assistance Center for Cooperatives and Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises, Institute of Research and Community Service, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

3Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

4Department of Agriculture Extension and Communication, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia


East Sumba Regency is an area that does not grow enough food to support people’s food needs in this place, although the main source of income of the people is in agricultural sector. This article aims at identifying coping strategy relationship with income which is applied in the households of farmers who cultivate dry land for their livelihood. The samples for this research included farmers in four villages situated in two sub-districts at risks of food shortage. The samples were taken using snowball sampling technique and the data were gathered using interview, observation and recording. Additional information was used to support the findings and crosschecking was carried out with related parties. Coping strategy was applied by the households of farmers cultivating dry land by managing food-crop farming with salome planting pattern. This pattern is one of local wisdoms in muddling through problems of meeting necessities of life. The other strategy is pig-raising, by using cattle consumption pattern which is adapted to the availability of crops resulted from land cultivation and by looking for food source in the forest. Finding this research is the more households that do the coping strategy, the more income there will be.

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