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Paper ID: 167

Morphology and Total Flavonoid Content of Clitoria ternatea L. at Different Altitudes

Hawari1*, B Pujiasmanto2 and E Triharyanto2

1Post Graduate Departement of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia.

2Departement of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia.


Clitoria ternatea L. is one of the Leguminosae plants that have a variety of pharmacological potentials, but this plant has not been widely cultivated and most of its harvesting is still derived from nature.  Therefore, it is necessary to hold specific research related to morphology and flavonoid content of C.ternatea  in various habitats. The purpose of this study is to examine the morphological character and content of secondary metabolites (flavonoids) of C.ternatea  in various habitats.  Surveys and observations were conducted in different locations, namely the lowlands (Laweyan, Jeyengan, and Samratulangi) and the highland (Ngargoyoso).  The survey location is chosen by a purpose random sampling method. The research method for testing flavonoid levels is nonfactorial RAL with place height factor namely lowland (K1) and highland (K2), then analyzed by the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and followed by LSD 5%.  The results showed the morphology of C.ternatea  plants that grow in the lowlands is different from in the highlands. Different morphological characteristics are found in leaf length, leaf width, pod length, and the number of seeds per pod.  Flavonoid content is higher in the lowlands (0.493%) compared to the highlands (0.458%).

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