Paper ID: 115
Variation of Eurycomanone Content Within and Among Populations of E. apiculata A.W.Benn.
Zulfahmi1,4*, Parjanto2, E Purwanto2, B Pujiasmanto2, A T Sakya2, Samanhudi2, Rosmaina4 and A Yunus2,3
1 Doctoral Program of Agricultural Science, Graduate School, Sebelas Maret University,
2 Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University,
3 Research Center for Biotechnology and Biodiversity, Sebelas Maret University,
4 Permanent address of Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Science, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia, 28293.
Information on the eurycomanone content of E. apiculata from natural populations in Indonesia is unknown. This study aims to assess the variation of eurycomanone content within and among populations of E. apiculata, to determine the correlation of eurycomanone content with environmental factors, and to determine the collections site of genetic material for the establishment of the breeding base population of E. apiculata. This study found that the average variation of eurycomanone content within population was 25.72%. Eurycomanone differentiation coefficient among populations of E. apiculata was 84.33%, indicating that the variation of eurycomanone content among populations was higher than the variation within population. Pearson correlation of eurycomanone content with population environmental factors showed no significant correlation. Based on clustering, the Rumbio population can be selected as a source of the genetic material of E. apiculata for breeding program in the future.